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Skin Care Tips & Secrets from a Medical Esthetician

Skin Care Tips & Secrets from a Medical Esthetician

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So you want to amp up your skincare game or learn more about your skin but you don't know where to start? You start questioning your skin type and are hesitant about random people's reviews for products. Today, I'm here to start helping you achieve your skincare goals through un-bias tips and skincare recommendations. All these tips are without the influence of sponsorships so enjoy nothing but the truth! Keep reading to see how you can start implementing these tips in your life today!

Identifying Your Skin Type

To start it's best to know or have an idea of what your skin type is. There are 5 basic skin types which include; oily, dry, combination, normal, and sensitive. If you don't know your skin type, no problem, we are here to help! The best way to determine your skin type is by a professional one on one, but here we will help you get a head start. Grab a mirror, preferably a couple of hours after washing your face (even after a full day of work), and assess the following;

A basic way to get an idea is to assess your oil production on areas of your face. Some examples of this by skin type would be; 

  • If you’re oily you will notice your whole face has a shine to it and even the possibility of oil build up in areas around the nose and forehead.
  • Someone who has dry skin may notice flaking, itchiness, or peeling.
  • Sensitive skin may notice red, irritated, or possibly rashed areas.
  • If you don't notice a disruption of oil production nor any irritation you may have a normal skin type.
  • Someone with combination skin would have a combination of two or more of the bullets. For example; someone could be oily in their T-zone but have normal oil production on the rest of their face.

This is a very basic description of how to categorize yourself into a skin type, so as said previously, we always recommend a full diagnosis from a professional. Although, now having in mind a possibility of where you may fit in with a skin type, you will be able to benefit better from the information to come!

Skin Type VS Skin Condition

There are only 5 skin types as mentioned, but many different types of skin conditions. Learning the difference will help you better understand your skin and the goals you should have in place to maintain its health. Remember, your skin is the largest organ on your body and should not be skipped when coming to health maintenance. As for the difference, a skin type will determine the way you treat your skin and the products you use. Your basic skin care needs are influenced by which skin type you are. A skin condition could be something you temporarily have to battle. This is commonly changing for us women and men for reasons like; weather, age, genetics, hormones, and lifestyle. 

Now that you have a better distinction between the two, here are some examples of skin conditions;

  • Acne
  • Eczema
  • Dehydration
  • Sun Damage

An example of a skin type with a skin condition would be; if a client had an oily skin type but also was struggling with the skin condition acne. Another; a client may have dry skin and be treating the skin condition eczema.

Skin Care Tips By Skin Type

Now that you have a better understanding of your skin, the fun part! Time to figure out what tips a Medical Esthetical has for you! Below we have created a general list of ways to act with your skin type in mind. This will be broken into sections by skin type;

                                  Dry

woman wearing fur hoodie

[Photo by Alexandru Zdrobău on Unsplash]

Goal; to speed up oil production

  • Always keep a moisturizer on you (oil-based preferably). Keep your skin quenched to avoid the discomfort of dryness that could lead to worse skin conditions
  • Avoid overly hot and steamy showers/baths that can disturb your natural skin barrier- making you drier.
  • Exfoliate, Gently! No need to use a harsh exfoliate that is meant for thick oily skin, instead use one that targets removing flaky skin without further irritation. (View product recommendations bellow)
  • Use a humidifier in your room or even in your office at work to create less of a dry environment
  • Use brightening products to relieve dull complexion 
  • Don't go overboard with the chemicals. You may have heard the reference that dry skin is thinner. Someone who has very dry skin may notice dullness to it and even visible veins. Over exfoliation can age the skin and only lead to worsening of this skin type.
  • Use a moisturizing cleanser to not over strip oils on the face while removing dirt and impurities
  • Don't forget your lips! Always have chapstick on hand (SPF included).
  • Sunscreen should always be applied to avoid sun damage and peeling. Someone who is dry is more likely to peel faster than others.
  • Stay alert for signs of higher risk skin conditions like the following; eczema, premature aging, dermatitis, redness, rashes.

                             Oily

woman in black shirt smiling

[Photo by Park Street on Unsplash]

Goal; to slow down oil production

  • Cleansing/Toning morning and night
  • Avoid oil-based products or products that are clogging your pores
  • Carry blotting papers on you to dab access oil
  • Chemical exfoliators are your best friend! Especially being at risk for breakouts, a chemical exfoliant will not spread bacteria around. For example; applying a chemical exfoliant to the face and letting it sit for 5 minutes compared to rubbing a gritty exfoliator around your face and having the chance to spread bacteria.
  • Sleep with spot treatments to boost the healing process of breakouts or blemishes
  • Never squeeze or try and extract breakouts. Always seek a professional extraction from your esthetician.
  • Don't skip out on hydrating products. Although you don't want to be using oil-based products, you should be flooding your skincare routine with hydrating products that are water-based.
  • Always use sunscreen, make sure to grab a non-comedogenic one.
  • Stay alert for signs of higher risk skin conditions like the following; acne, seborrheic dermatitis, dehydration. 

                         Combination

woman in white tank top

[Photo by fleur kaan on Unsplash]

Goal; to maintain both oil production in areas and decrease in others

  • Remember to zone your face into the two different areas of skin types and act accordingly. Treating your whole face as if it was oily for example can over irritate areas that are different.
  • Use a gentle but balancing cleanser to help your oil production. Nothing that will strip or disturb the balance over the whole face.
  • Don't be afraid to switch products as your skin changes. Try having multiple moisturizers to target different skin concerns in different areas.
  • Apply relevant tips from other skin types to your targeted area

                          Sensitive

woman putting makeup in front of mirror

[Photo by kevin laminto on Unsplash]

Goal; to soothe and not further irritate

  • Patch test new products
  • Place toner in the fridge to give an extra soothing effect
  • Avoid high perfumes or scents in skincare products
  • Slowly integrate new products in your routine instead of tying 5 new ones in a night. This way you'd better be able to track how reactive you may be
  • Drink plenty of water and keep your oils and water levels of your skin as balanced as possible
  • Remember you can develop an allergy at any time, so don't rule out products you've been using for years.
  • Keep soothing moisturizer on you if possible to relive skin if needed
  • Stay alert for signs of higher risk skin conditions like the following; Rosacea, hives, dermatitis, inflammation/redness, eczema.

                                 Normal

woman smiling wearing flower crown

[Photo by Autumn Goodman on Unsplash]

Goal; to maintain skin

  • Long hot showers are dehydrating so avoid as much as possible
  • Avoid direct sunlight on the skin, and always use protective accessories like sunglasses or sun hats.
  • Use sunscreen whenever going outside and make sure to reapply every 2 hours
  • Avoid smoking which can prematurely age us and dehydrate our skin. The negative effects on the body as a whole can arise through skin concerns as well.
  • Have a simple yet effective skincare routine
  • The only spot treat blemishes, since directing a whole skincare routine towards blemishes would be too much.

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